Harrison LR, Legleiter CJ, Overstreet BT, Bell TW, Hannon J., 2020: Assessing the potential for spectrally based remote sensing of salmon spawning locations. River Research and Applications

Zarzar, C.M., Dash, D., Dyer, J. L., Moorhead, R., and Hathcock, L., 2020: Development of a Simplified Radiometric Calibration Framework for Water-Based and Rapid Deployment Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Operations. Drones, 4, 17,

Guimond, S. R., P. D. Reasor, G. M. Heymsfield, and M. M. McLinden, 2020: The dynamics of vortex Rossby waves and secondary eyewall development in Hurricane Matthew (2016): New insights from Radar Measurements. J. Atmos. Sci., 77, 2349-2374,

Wick, G. A., and Coauthors, 2020: NOAA’s Sensing Hazards with Operational Unmanned Technology (SHOUT) Experiment: Observations and forecast impacts. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, E968-E987,    

de Boer, G., C. Diehl, J. Jacob, A. Houston, S.W. Smith, P. Chilson, D.G. Schmale III, J. Intrieri, J. Pinto, J. Elston, D. Brus, O. Kemppinen, A. Clark, D. Lawrence, S.C.C. Bailey, M.P. Sama, A. Frazier, C. Crick, V. Natalie, E. Pillar-Little, P. Klein, S. Waugh, J.K. Lundquist, L. Barbieri, S.T. Kral, A.A. Jensen, C. Dixon, S. Borenstein, D. Hesselius, K. Human, P. Hall, B. Argrow, T. Thornberry, R. Wright and  J.T. Kelly (2020): Development of community, capabilities and understanding through unmanned aircraft-based atmospheric research: The LAPSE-RATE campaign, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, E684-E699,

McFarquhar, G.M., E. Smith, E.A. Pillar-Little, K. Brewster, P.B. Chilson, T.R. Lee, S. Waugh, N. Yussouf, X. Wang, M. Xue, G. de Boer, J.A. Gibbs, C. Fiebrich, B. Baker, J. Brotzge, F. Carr, H. Christophersen, M. Fengler, P. Hall, T. Hock, A. Houston, R. Huck, J. Jacob, R. Palmer, P.K. Quinn, M. Wagner, Y. Zhang and D. Hawk (2020): Current and Future Uses of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) for Improved Forecasts/Warnings and Scientific Studies, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., early online release, 10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0015.1

Cione, J.J., G. Bryan, R. Dobosy, J. Zhang, G. de Boer, A. Aksoy, J. Wadler, E. Kalina, B. Dahl, K. Ryan, J. Neuhaus, E. Dumas, F. Marks, A. Farber, T. Hock and X. Chen (2020): Eye of the storm: Observing hurricanes with a small unmanned aircraft system, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, E186-E205,

Submitted Publications (Pending Peer-review)

de Boer, G., S. Waugh, A. Erwin, S. Borenstein, C. Dixon, W. Shanti, A. Houston, B. Argrow: Measurements from mobile surface vehicles during LAPSE-RATE, Earth Sys. Sci. Data, submitted.

Brus, D, J. Gustafsson, O. Kemppinen, G. de Boer and A. Hirsikko: Properties of aerosol and gases in the vertical profile during LAPSE-RATE campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys., submitted.

de Boer, G., A. Houston, J. Jacob, P.B. Chilson, S.W. Smith, B. Argrow, D. Lawrence, J. Elston, D. Brus, O. Kemppinen, P. Klein, J.K. Lundquist, S. Waugh, S.C.C. Bailey, A. Frazier, M.P. Sama, C. Crick, D. Schmale III, J. Pinto, E.A. Pillar-Little, V. Natalie, A. Jensen: Data Generated During the 2018 LAPSE-RATE Campaign: An Introduction and Overview, Earth Sys. Sci. Data, submitted.


Buban, M. S., T. R. Lee, E. J. Dumas, C. B. Baker, and M. Heuer, 2019: Observations of the effects of a total solar eclipse on surface and atmospheric boundary layer evolution. Boundary-Layer MeteorologyBoundary-Layer Meteorology, 2019, 1-14, doi:10.1007/s10546-018-00421-4.

de Boer, G., B. Argrow, J. Cassano, J. Cione, E. Frew, D. Lawrence, G. Wick, and C. Wolff, 2019: Advancing unmanned aerial capabilities for atmospheric research.  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100, ES105 - ES108,

Lee, T. R, M. Buban, E. Dumas, and C. B. Baker, 2019a: On the use of rotary-wing aircraft to sample near-surface thermodynamic fields: results from recent field campaigns. Sensors, 19 (1), 10, doi:10.3390/s19010010.

Legleiter, C. J., and L. R. Harrison (2019), Remote Sensing of River Bathymetry: Evaluating a Range of Sensors, Platforms, and Algorithms on the Upper Sacramento River, California, USA, Water Resour. Res., 55(3), 2142-2169, doi:10.1029/2018wr023586.

Lee, T.R., Dumas. E., Buban, M.S., Baker, C.B., Neuhaus, J., Rogers, M., Chappelle, N., Marwine, C., Swanson, M., Amaral, C., Hall, P., 2019: Improved Sampling of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer Using Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Results from the Avon Park Experiment, NOAA Technical Memorandum OAR ARL-279,


Angliss, R. P., Ferguson, M., Hall, P. G., Helker, V. T., Kennedy, A., & Sformo, T., 2018: Comparing manned to unmanned aerial surveys for cetacean monitoring in the Arctic: Methods and operational results. Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems, doi:10.1139/juvs-2018-0001

Christophersen, H., A. Aksoy, J. Dunion, and S. Aberson, 2018: Composite Impact of Global Hawk Unmanned Aircraft Dropwindsondes on Tropical Cyclone Analyses and ForecastsMon. Wea. Rev., 146, 2297-2314, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-17-0304.1.

Dole, R. M., and Coauthors, 2018: Advancing Science and Services during the 2015-16 El Niño: The NOAA El Niño Rapid Response Field CampaignBull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99, 975-1001, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0219.1.

Dunion, J. P., G. A. Wick, P. G. Black, J. Walker, 2018: Sensing Hazards with Operational Unmanned Technology: 2015-2016 Campaign Summary, Final Report. NOAA Tech Memo. OAR-UAS-001, 49 pp.

English, J. M., A. C. Kren, and T. R. Peevey, 2018: Improving winter storm forecasts with Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs). Part 2: Evaluating a satellite gap with idealized and targeted dropsondesEarth Space Sci., 5, 176–196, doi:10.1002/2017EA000350.

Ferguson, MC, Angliss, RP, Kennedy, AS, Lynch, B, Willoughby, A, Helker, V, Brower, AA, and Clarke, JT.  2018:  Performance of manned and unmanned aerial surveys for estimating arctic cetacean density and associated uncertainty.  Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems doi: 10.1139/juvs-2018-0002.

Kenul, P., J. Coffey, J. Walker, A. Roberts, and J. Huning, 2018: Sensing Hazards with Operational Unmanned Technology: Cost Study of Global Hawk Unmanned Aircraft System Operations for High Impact Weather Observations, Final Report , 2018: NOAA Tech Memo. OAR-UAS-003, 43 pp.

Koch, S. E., M. Fengler, P. B. Chilson, K. L. Elmore, B. Argrow, D. L. Andra, Jr., and T. Lindley, 2018: On the use of unmanned aircraft for sampling mesoscale phenomena in the pre-convective boundary layer.  J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 35, 2265–2288, DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-18-0101.1.

Kren, A. C., L. Cucurull, and H. Wang, 2018: Impact of UAS Global Hawk dropsonde data on tropical and extratropical cyclone forecasts in 2016Wea. Forecasting33, 1121-1141, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-18-0029.1.

Peevey, T. R., J. M. English, L. Cucurull, H. Wang, and A. C. Kren, 2018: Improving winter storm forecasts with Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs): Part 1, An idealized case study of three US storms.Mon. Wea. Rev., 146, 1341-1366, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-17-0160.1.

Wick, G., J. Dunion, and J. Walker, 2018: Sensing Hazards with Operational Unmanned Technology: Impact Study of Global Hawk Unmanned Aircraft System Observations for Hurricane Forecasting, Final Report, NOAA Tech Memo. OAR-UAS-002, 93 pp.

Wulfmeyer V., D. D. Turner, B. Baker, R. Banta, A. Behrendt, T. Bonin, W. A. Brewer, M. Buban, A. Choukulkar, E. Dumas, R. M. Hardesty, T. Heus, D. Lange, T. R. Lee, S. Metzendorf, T. Meyers, R. Newsom, M. Osman, S. Raasch, J. Santanello, C. Senff, F. Späth, T. Wagner, and T. Weckwerth, 2018: A new research approach for observing and characterizing land-atmosphere feedback, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2018, DOI:


Christophersen, H., A. Aksoy, J. Dunion, and K. Sellwood, 2017: The Impact of NASA Global Hawk Unmanned Aircraft Dropwindsonde Observations on Tropical Cyclone Track, Intensity, and Structure: Case Studies. Mon. Wea. Rev., 145, 1817-1830, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-16-0332.1.

Dumas, E. J., T. R. Lee, M. Buban, and B. Baker, 2017: Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS) measurements during the 2017 Verifications of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment Southeast (VORTEX-SE), NOAA Tech. Memo. OAR ARL-274, 49 pp.

Krause DJ, Hinke JT, Perryman WL, Goebel ME, LeRoi DJ, 2017:An accurate and adaptable photogrammetric approach for estimating the mass and body condition of pinnipeds using an unmanned aerial system. PLoS ONE 12(11): e0187465. journal.pone.0187465

Lee, T. R., M. Buban, E. Dumas, and C. B. Baker, 2017: A new technique to estimate sensible heat fluxes around micrometeorological towers using small unmanned aircraft systems, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 34:9, 2103-2112, DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0065.1.


Dumas, E. J., T. R. Lee, M. Buban, and B. Baker, 2016: Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS) measurements during the 2016 Verifications of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment Southeast (VORTEX-SE), NOAA Tech. Memo. OAR ARL-273, 37 pp.

Grand Bay NERR, 2016: The Way Forward: Unmanned Aerial Systems for the National Estuarine Research Reserves.

Marine Mammal Commission, 2016:Development and Use of UASs by the National Marine Fisheries Service for Surveying Marine Mammals. Marine Mammal Commission, Bethesda, MD.

Murphy, D.M., H. Telg, T.F. Eck, J. Rodriguez, S.E. Stalin, and T.S. Bates (2016), A miniature scanning sun photometer for vertical profiles and mobile platformsAerosol Science and Technology, 50:1, 11-16, DOI: 10/1080/027/86826.2015.1121200.


Brooke, S., D. Graham, T. Jacobs, C. Littnan, M. Manuel, R. O'Conner, 2015: Testing marine conservation applications of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) in a remote marine protected areaJournal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems 3(4), 237-251.

Gao, R.S., H. Telg, R.J. McLaughlin, S.J. Ciciora, L.A. Watts, M.S. Richardson, J.P. Schwarz, A.E. Perring, T.D. Thornberry, A.W. Rollins, M.Z. Markovic, T.S. Bates, J.E. Johnson and D.W. Fahey, 2016: A light-weight, high-sensitivity particle spectrometer for PM2.5 aerosol measurementsAerosol Science and Technology, 50:1, 88-99, DOI: 10.1080/02786826.2015.1131809.

Jacobs, T., Coffey, J., Walker, J., Operation Arctic Shield 2013-15, 2015: Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Onboard USCGC (Icebreaker) HEALY: Operational Assessment of LASE/LALE Systems.

Jacobs, T., M. Jacobi, M. Rogers, J. Adams, J. Coffey, J.R. Walker, and B. Johnston, 2015: Testing and Evaluating Low Altitude Unmanned Aircraft System Technology for Maritime Domain Awareness and Oil Spill Response in the Arctic. Marine Technology Society Journal, 49(2), 145-150.

Moreland, E.E., M.F. Cameron, R.P. Angliss, and P.L. Boveng.  2015:  Evaluation of a ship-based unoccupied aircraft system (UAS) for surveys of spotted and ribbon seals in the Bering Sea pack ice.  Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems 3(3):  114-122.

Murphy, D.M., H. Telg, T.F. Eck, J. Rodriguez, S.E. Stalin, and T.S. Bates, 2016: A miniature scanning sun photometer for vertical profiles and mobile platformsAerosol Science and Technology, 50:1, 11-16, DOI: 10/1080/027/86826.2015.1121200. 

Sweeney, K. L., V. T. Helker, W. L. Perryman, D. J. LeRoi, L. W. Fritz, T. S. Gelatt, and R. P. Angliss, 2016: Flying beneath the clouds at the edge of the world: Using a hexacopter to supplement abundance surveys of Steller sea lions (Flying beneath the clouds at the edge of the world: Using a hexacopter to supplement abundance surveys of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in AlaskaFlying beneath the clouds at the edge of the world: Using a hexacopter to supplement abundance surveys of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in AlaskaFlying beneath the clouds at the edge of the world: Using a hexacopter to supplement abundance surveys of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska) in AlaskaJournal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems 4(1):70-81.


NOAA Marine and Arctic Monitoring Using UASs, 2014: Coffey, J.C., Hood, R.E., Jacobs, T., Hall, P., and Adler, J., AGU Meeting 18 December 2014, Abstract and Presentation, Airborne Systems in Support of Oceanographic and Atmospheric Research Session.

Intrieri, J. M., de Boer, G., Shupe, M. D., Spackman, J. R., Wang, J., Neiman, P. J., Wick, G. A., Hock, T. F., and Hood, R. E., 2014: Global Hawk dropsonde observations of the Arctic atmosphere obtained during the Winter Storms and Pacific Atmospheric Rivers (WISPAR) field campaign, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 3917-3926, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3917-2014.

Neiman, P., G. Wick, B. Moore, F. Ralph, J. Spackman, and B. Ward, 2014: An Airborne Study of an Atmospheric River over the Subtropical Pacific during WISPAR: Dropsonde Budget-Box Diagnostics and Precipitation Impacts in Hawaii. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 3199–3223, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-13-00383.1.


Bates, T.S., P.K. Quinn, J.E. Johnson, A. Corless, F.J. Brechtel, S.E. Stalin, C. Meinig, and J.F. Burkhart, 2013: Measurements of atmospheric aerosol vertical distributions above Svalbard, Norway using unmanned aerial systems (UAS)Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 2115-2120. 


Coffey, J. and T. Jacobs, 2012: Strategy for the Development of an Unmanned Aerial Systems Capability within the National Marine Sanctuary System, National Ocean Service, Office of National Marine Sanctuaries.

Thomas, R. M., K. Lehmann, H. Nguyen, D. L. Jackson, D. Wolfe, and V. Ramanathan, 2012: Measurement of turbulent water vapor fluxes using a lightweight unmanned aerial vehicle system. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 243-257, doi:10.5194 / amt-5-243-2012.

Global Observing Network

BAM CoverA Global Profiling System for Improved Weather and Climate Prediction. Alexander E. MacDonald, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2005.

From the Archive - The Global Hawk Tropical Tropopause Experiment (GHATTEX): Exploring the tropical tropopause region of the Pacific Ocean with the Global Hawk UAV platform

For a description of Global Hawk and the GHATTEX proposal please see:

"Global Hawk - A New Tool for Airborne Remote Sensing" by Greg Loegering of Northrop Grumman Corporation, San Diego, California. As presented at AIAA's 1st Technical Conference and Workshop on Unmanned Aerospace Vehicles, May 20 - 23, 2002, Portsmouth, Virginia.

See: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Publications and Papers: AIAA 2002-3458 at
(Publisher charges a fee to download the file)

Altair UASAltair Unmanned Aircraft System Achieves Demonstration Goals

An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright 2006, American Geophysical Union: David W. Fahey, James H. Churnside, James W. Elkins, Albin J. Gasiewski, Karen H. Rosenlof, Sara Summers, Michael Aslaksen, Todd A. Jacobs, Jon D. Sellars, Christopher D. Jennison, Lawrence C. Freudinger, and Michael Cooper, (2006), Altair Unmanned Aircraft System Achieves Demonstration Goals, EOS TRANS. AGU Vol. 87, No. 20, pp 197 & 201.

Read the unformatted version

Workshop Reports

Duke University Marine Laboratory Workshop Report - (June 2015)
NOAA and Duke University workshop held in Beaufort, North Carolina.
Duke Meeting Summary

Zarzar, C., Moorhead, R., and Coffey, J., NOAA Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Program 2nd UAS Arctic and River Forecast Workshop Summary Report, Anchorage, AK, September 15, 2014. See also Alaska Hydrology UAS Requirements and FAA UAS Arctic Implementation Plan.

The NOAA-Environment Canada UAS Arctic Scoping Workshop - (September 2012)
21 experts from Canada and the US met in Boulder, September 25-26 to share information on the civil applications of UAS for environmental research and operations, and to identify collaborative projects for the coming years.

Workshop for Optimal Unmanned Aircraft Systems River Observing Strategy - (February 2012) 
Moorhead, R., Hood, R., Coffey, J., Optimal Unmanned Aircraft Systems River Observing Strategy Workshop Summary Report, Boulder, CO February 21-23, 2012.
NOAA and the Mississippi State University collaborated on a three-day workshop held in Boulder, CO.
See the Agenda with links to presentations.

U.S. Navy Puma AE Sea Trial Report, October 2011.